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Table 1 Sample characteristics at baseline (n = 26)

From: Consecutive first-morning urine samples to measure change in the albumin-to-creatinine ratio: a pilot study of a home urine collection protocol

Mean age, years (SD) [min-max] 62.9 (14.0) [31–84]
Men, n (%) 23 (88.5 %)
Caucasian, n (%) 20 (76.9 %)
Mean body mass index, kg/m2 (SD) [min-max] 32 (6) [25–45]
Mean serum creatinine, umol/L (SD) [min-max] 197 (74) [104–349]
Mean eGFR, ml/min/1.73 m2 (SD) [min-max] 36 (15) [15–60]
Mean SBP, mm Hg (SD) [min-max] 140 (25) [108–192]
Mean DBP, mm Hg (SD) [min-max] 75 (10) [50–97]
History of smoking, n (%) 15 (57.7 %)
Current smoker, n (%) 3 (11.5 %)
Primary CKD diagnosis, n (%)  
 Diabetes 15 (57.7 %)
 Hypertension 2 (7.7 %)
 Interstitial nephritis 3 (11.5 %)
 Other 6 (23.1 %)
Comorbidities, n (%)  
 Hypertension 23 (88.5 %)
 Hyperlipidemia 23 (88.5 %)
 Diabetes 18 (69.2 %)
 Coronary artery disease 6 (23.1 %)
 Chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder 5 (19.2 %)
 CVA/TIA 4 (15.4 %)
 Peripheral vascular disease 1 (3.8 %)
 Congestive heart failure 2 (7.7 %)
 Gastric bleeding 1 (3.8 %)
  1. CKD chronic kidney disease, CVA/TIA cerebrovascular accident/transient ischemic attack, eGFR estimated glomerular filtration rate, SD standard deviation