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Table 2 Objective, subjective sleep parameters, and depression among study groups

From: Objective and subjective sleep disorders in automated peritoneal dialysis

  APD (N = 22) CKD 3b–5 (N = 89) HD (N = 75) p value
Total sleep time (minutes) 342.7 (271.7, 475.3) 366.3 (298.3, 433.2) 313.3 (216.2, 388.2) 0.002
CKD > HDa
Sleep efficiency (%) 78.3 (57.6, 87.1) 77.8 (67.3, 85.1) 69.8 (59.5, 78.9) 0.018
CKD > HDb
Stage 1 (% of TST) 7.2 (4.7, 12.4) 10.1 (6.2, 15.9) 11.6 (6.8, 18.1) 0.11
Stage 2 (% of TST) 56.3 (48, 65.9) 61.2 (53.9, 69.8) 57.5 (51.0, 67.0) 0.13
Stages 3 and 4 (% of TST) 14.0 (4.3, 23.4) 5.4 (1.3, 10.9) 7.3 (1.3, 18.5) 0.009
APD > CKDb
Rapid eye movement sleep (% of TST) 20.9 (15.8, 25.6) 20.3 (14.5, 26) 17.9 (11.2, 22.3) 0.11
Apnea-hypopnea index 6.0 (2.3, 22.2) 8.8 (3.2, 27.6) 18.2 (6.7, 30.2) 0.008
HD > CKDc
HD > APDc
Obstructive apnea index 4.9 (1.8, 18.2) 6.2 (2.0, 17.3) 11.3 (4.1, 23) 0.034
HD > CKDb
HD > APDb
Nocturnal hypoxemia (≥3 % of TST) 1.1 (0.5, 6,7) 3.8 (1,5, 10) 1.5 (0.9, 8,5) 0.01
CKD > APDb
CKD > HDb
Micro-arousal index 9.2 (4.7, 13.4) 8.8 (3.9, 15.5) 8.5 (5.4, 14.0) 0.98
Periodic limb movement index 5.7 (1.6, 10.7) 2.4 (0.9, 5.3) 2.7 (0.7, 6.2) 0.14
APD > CKDc
Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index score 8 (6.5, 13) 6 (4, 9) 8 (5, 11) 0.007
APD > CKDb
HD > CKDc
Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score 11 (8, 14.75) 10 (7, 13) 8 (6.25, 12) 0.08
  1. Results are presented as medians and interquartile ranges or as percentages. Numbers in parentheses reflect the 25th and the 75th percentile of the variables. Stages 1, 2, 3, and 4, and rapid eye movement sleep are expressed as percent of total sleep time. Apnea hypopnea Index, obstructive apnea index, micro-arousal index, and periodic limb movement index are expressed as events per hour of total sleep time
  2. Sleep efficiency percentage of total sleep time as a proportion of the total study duration, Apnea hypopnea index, number of apneas/hypopneas during total sleep time, Obstructive apnea index number of obstructive apneas per hour of total sleep time, Nocturnal hypoxemia ≥3 % total sleep time, percentage of subjects who had at least 3 % of total sleep time with oxyhemoglobin saturation less than 90 %, Micro-arousal index number of microarousals/hour of sleep, Periodic limb movement index number of periodic limb movements per hour of total sleep time
  3. a p < 0.001; b p < 0.01; c p < 0.05 for the pairwise comparisons