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Table 4 Multivariable associations of clinical variables with CKD in high-risk population

From: Prevalence of chronic kidney disease among the high risk population in South-Western Ghana; a cross sectional study

Variable OR (95 % CI) P-value
Gender
 Malea Referent  
 Female 1.63 (0.82–3.24) 0.167
Age group
 <40a Referent  
 40–49 0.88 (0.07–10.46) 0.921
 50–59 2.16 (0.24–19.75) 0.496
 60–69 2.41 (0.27–21.67) 0.433
 ≥70 2.80 (0.30–26.42) 0.369
Condition
 HPTa Referent  
 DM 1.33 (0.65–2.71) 0.442
 DM/HPT 10.32 (3.43–31.09) 0.000
BMI n (%)   
 Underweighta Referent  
 Normal 0.14 (0.01–1.47) 0.102
 Overweight 0.14 (0.01–1.45) 0.1
 Obese 0.13 (0.01–1.31) 0.083
Duration on medication
 <5a Referent  
 5–10 1.01 (0.54–1.87) 0.989
 >10 8.96 (1.74–46.10) 0.009
Diabetes medication
 Non-diabetics Referent  
 Insulin 1.10 (0.48–2.55) 0.818
 OHA 0.541 (0.28–1.05) 0.069
Anti-hypertensive medication
 Non-hypertensive Referent  
 ACE-I 0.55 (0.21–1.45) 0.225
 β-blocker 0.51 (0.22–1.20) 0.124
  1. arefers to the referent