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Table 1 Demographics of patients with and without care gaps

From: A virtual ward for home hemodialysis patients – a pilot trial

  No care gap Care gap P
Number of VW admissions 17 35  
Age 58 (40–61) 49 (41–55) 0.27
Male 8 (47) 17 (49) 1.00
Cause of end stage renal disease    0.19
  Glomerulonephritis 7 (41) 5 (14)  
  Diabetes 3 (18) 2 (6)  
  Congenital disease 2 (12) 8 (23)  
  Calcineurin inhibitor toxicity 2 (12) 8 (23)  
  Hemolytic uremic syndrome 1 (6) 2 (6)
  Systemic lupus erythematous 0 3 (9)
  Renal cell carcinoma 0 2 (6)
  Hypertension 1 (6) 1 (3)
  Vasculitis 0 1 (3)
  Undetermined 1 (6) 3 (9)
Duration of RRT (years) 8.8 (1.4–19.1) 12.2 (3.6–20) 0.35
Duration of HHD (years) 2.3 (0.6–4.8) 3.3 (0.7–5.5) 0.74
Charlson comorbidity Index (CCI) 4 (3–6) 5 (4–7) 0.22
Cancer history 6 (35) 12 (34) 1.00
Previous transplant 7 (41) 17 (49) 0.77
Permanent vascular accessa 4 (25) 12 (35) 0.53
Admission criteria    0.07
  Hospital discharge 14 (82) 30 (86)  
  Completed medical procedure 2 (12) 0  
  Antibiotic prescription 1 (6) 1 (3)  
  Completed HHD post training 0 4 (11)  
  1. Values presented as median (Interquartile range) and count (%). Percentages may exceed 100 due to rounding. VW = Virtual Ward, RRT = Renal Replacement Therapy, HHD = Home hemodialysis. aNative arteriovenous fistula or graft