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Table 1 Possible mechanisms by which poverty increases the burden of disease

From: CKD in disadvantaged populations

Health Behavior Access to Health Care Biological Factors Environmental Factors
Lack of information on preventive behaviors Lack of access to health care Low-birth weight Increased exposure to pollutants
Lack of knowledge on how best to respond to an episode of illness Greater distance from health care providers Genetic predisposition Increased exposure to communicable diseases
Lack of out-of-pocket resources Cummulative biological risk profiles Lack of clean water sanitation
Health beliefs and unhealthy behaviors   Inadequate nutrition