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Table 3 Secular trends of the 3-year cumulative incidence (%) and event rates of hemorrhage (per 1000 person years), its subtypes, related endoscopy and all-cause mortality

From: The three-year incidence of major hemorrhage among older adults initiating chronic dialysis

Outcome   Total 1998-2001 2002-2005 2006-2008 P value
Total hemorrhage 3-yr incidence 14.43 14.15 14.72 14.36 0.78
  Event rate 52.64 51.57 53.87 52.29  
Upper gastrointestinal 3-yr incidence 6.06 6.12 5.91 6.18 0.95
  Event rate 20.94 21.19 20.41 21.33  
Lower gastrointestinal 3-yr incidence 8.88 8.84 9.08 8.66 0.83
  Event rate 31.21 31.01 31.97 30.42  
Intra-cerebral 3-yr incidence 0.85 0.70 0.90 0.97 0.23
  Event rate 2.85 2.35 3.01 3.24  
Subarachnoid 3-yr incidence 0.10 0.05 0.14 0.10 0.51
  Event rate 0.33 0.17 0.47 0.32  
Gastrointestinal endoscopy 3-yr incidence 14.86 15.66 14.06 14.94 0.34
Event rate 54.45 57.76 51.36 54.61